India@63: Top 10 Patriotic songs of Bollywood
1. "Insaf ki dagar pe, bachchon dikhao chalke; Yeh desh hai tumhaara, neta tumhi ho kal ke..."
Movie: 'Ganga Jamuna' (1961)
Music Director: Naushad
Singer: Hemant Kumar
Lyricist: Shakeel Badayuni
This school song from the 1961 film, 'Ganga Jamuna', represents the newfound optimism of Independent India. It is an ode to the new age citizen, and pays tribute to the leaders of India's independence struggle.
The film featured Dilip Kumar and brother Nazir Khan in the lead; they played bothers who are at war with each other. 'Ganga Jamuna' is considered a reference movie by cineastes, to this day.
2. "De Di Hume azadi, bina khadig bina dhhal, Saabarmati ke Sant tu ne kar diyaa kamaal"
Movie: 'Jaagruti' (1954)
Music: Hemant Kumar
Singer: Asha Bhonsle
This is a Mahatma Gandhi paean, written right on the dawn of Independence. The good old day, when Gandhism had not completely been claimed by history, and the villain of the Indian bedtime tale was still the "Firangi"!
3. "Aye Watan, aye watan... hum ko teri kasam, Teri rahon mein jaan tak luta jayenge..!"
Movie: 'Shaheed' (1965)
Music Director: Prem Dhawan
Singer: Mohammed Rafi
This is the first of the Bhagat Singh biopics to hit the Indian screen. Manoj Kumar does a brilliant job in the lead. There are two other songs in this movie ('Sarfaroshi ki tamanna' and 'Mera Rang De Basanti chola'), which have captured the Indian mind as has this song. The life of Bhagat Singh has been the subject of many more Bollywood movies, but none of them could hold a candle to this 1965 classic.
4. "Aye mere pyare watan, aye mere bichchde chaman,Tujhpe dil qurban!"
Movie: 'Kabuliwala' (1961)
Music Director: Salil Chowdhury
Singer: Manna Dey
This is one of the most heart-rending songs about the motherland. Brilliantly composed by Salil Chaudhury, this song was written and composed on the eve of the Indo-China war of 1962. Manna Dey has imparted a whisper-like quality to this song.
5. "Aye Preet jahan ki reet sada, main geet wahan ke gaata hoon, Bharat ka rehne wala hoon, Bharat ki baat sunaata hoon..!"
Movie: Purab Aur Pachhim (1970)
Music Director: Kalyanji-Anandji
Singer: Mahendra Kapoor
This Manoj Kumar classic deals with the East-West divide, and asserts that it was the East that helped West to achieve greatness ("Jab zero diya mere Bharat ne, Duniya ko ginti tab aayi"). Manoj Kumar's Bharat is asked to sing during his US sojourn; he happily grabs the mike and sings this one.
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