Fri, 15 Aug 2014 05:30:00 GMT | By India Syndicate

Top 10 movies on pre-Independence India

Here is a lineup of the best Hindi films on pre-Independence India

Top 10 Bollywood films on Indian Independence

1. Shatranj Ke Khiladi

Year: 1977

Based on: Munshi Premchand's novel by the same name

Screenplay & Direction: Satyajit Ray

Cast: Sanjeev Kumar, Saeed Jaffrey, Shabana Azmi & Amjad Khan

This is almost a docu-drama on Pre-1857 India; it shows how the docility of India's affluent upper middle class contributed to the establishment of the British Raj. Lucknow and its Nawab Wajid Ali Shah (an exemplary performance from Amjad Khan) provide the backdrop for the story of two chess-obsessed noblemen.

The film documents the sluggishness of Post-Mughal India, where Kings preferred poetry to diplomacy and the durbars witnessed more mushairas and mehfils than ministerial meetings.

Though a landmark in India's period film genre, 'Shatranj Ke Khiladi' is considered by most critics to be one of Ray's unimpressive works. It is remembered more for the voiceover done by Amitabh Bachchan than for the political insights it gave.

2. Jhansi Ki Rani

Year: 1953

Producer/Director: Sohrab Modi

India's first technicolour film, 'Jhansi Ki Rani' was Sohrab Modi's dream-come-true project. He brought technicians from Hollywood to work on the SFX and battle sequences.

Mehtab, the star of the year, was cast in the title role. Modi essayed the role of the Raj Guru.

The film was received well by contemporary critics and it was applauded for "its authenticity in creating the right period and delineating historical events, its spectacular battle scenes and Mehtab's stirring performance though she is far too old for the role." There is a Ball sequence in the Jhansi palace, which was shot spectacularly by Modi.

In spite of the critical acclaim, the film fell flat at the Box-Office.

3. Junoon

Year: 1978

Based on: Ruskin Bond's 'A flight of Pigeons'

Screenplay: Shyam Benegal

Directed by: Shyam Benegal

Produced by: Shashi Kapoor

Set in 1857 India, 'Junoon' explores the romantic within the rebel and the rebel within the romantic. It is set in 1857, with the First War of Independence as its backdrop.

The perspective is that of Javed Khan, one of the leaders of the Mutiny (played by Shashi Kapoor).

The film discusses the deeper truths of the rebellion. Javed Khan storms a British hideout and imprisons three British women. He falls in love with Ruth (played by Nafisa Ali) and wants her to be his second wife. The romance falls apart as British seek retribution for those killed by the rebels.

'Junoon' was India's toast at most international film festivals (1978-1980), and it brought home a bagful of awards.

4. Shaheed

Year: 1965

Directed by S. Ram Sharma

Produced by: Kewal Kashyap

Cast: Manoj Kumar, Prem Chopra

Bhagat Singh's life has been subject to various Bolly takes, but none has been more impressive than this 1965 film. Manoj Kumar plays Bhagat with elan.

This is the first of Manoj Kumar's 'patriotic series'. Kamini Kaushal, Pran, Iftekhar, Nirupa Roy, Prem Chopra, Madan Puri, Asit Sen, Indrani Mukherjee and Anwar Hussain form the supporting cast. The films music is by Prem Dhawan, and all the songs became super hits.

If you are a B&W fan, you should never miss this film. Ranjod Rathore's cinematography wins both the battle and the war, for this one.

5. Mangal Pandey: The rising

Year: 2005

Written by: Farrukh Dhondy

Directed by: Ketan Mehta

Produced by: Bobby Bedi

Cast: Aamir Khan, Toby Stevens, Rani Mukherjee

Mangal Pandey: The Rising (Indian title) is the typical example of a speculative period film. It is supposed to be the biopic of a sepoy called Mangal Pandey, who had "spent the first bullet of the 1857 mutiny". Half of what we see on screen, here, is an assortment of historical fiction rather than fact.

Made on the lines of a ballad, the Ketan Mehta film failed to connect with the 21st Century Indian. This was primarily because of the fact that the premise for the film was an assumption rather than a truth.

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